The Country of Beautiful Horses;
It is said that Cappadocia means Country of Beautiful Horses in Persian. This beautiful country has geography that seems to be magical. It is an significant region for tourism with its underground cities, interesting fairy chimneys or erosion columns, stone hotels, impressive valleys, and activities, each more surprising than the next. A large portion of the geography of Cappadocia, which extends as far as Kırşehir, Niğde, and Kayseri, is within the borders of Nevşehir.
Cappadocia confronts us as the product of historic civilizations. The Erciyes, Güllü Mountain, and Hasan Mountain active volcanoes about 60 million years ago laid the foundations of Cappadocia with the lava they erupted. It took its shape of today with the erosion of falling rain and winds spread over millions of years.
The Cappadocia region is the most beautiful place in the world where nature and history unite. While geographical events created the erosion columns, people throughout history have carved homes and churches into these erosion columns and carried the marks of thousand-year-old civilizations to today by decorating them with frescoes.
The traditional Cappadocia homes carved into rocks and pigeon lofts verbalize the originality of the region. These homes were constructed from cut stone into the slopes in the 18th century. Stone, the only architectural material of the region, can be easily handled because it becomes soft after emerging from the mine because of the volcanic structure of the region, but it turns into a very durable structural material by becoming hard after coming into contact with the air. Because the material used can be handled easily, stone craftsmanship particular to the region developed and became an architectural tradition. The upper section of vaulted doors are decorated with stylized ivy or rosette motifs. The pigeon lofts are little structures constructed in the 18th century. A portion of the pigeon lofts, which are important in terms of showing Islamic painting art, were constructed as a monastery or church. The surfaces of the pigeon lofts are decorated with rich ornaments and epitaphs by local artists. The region is famous for its wine-making and vineyards.
The places that certainly should be seen in Cappadocia are Ürgüp, Avanos, Göreme, Akvadi, the Uçhisar and Ortahisar Castles, El Nazar Church, Aynalı Church, Güvercinlik Valley, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı, Özkonak Underground Cities, Ihlara Valley, Selime Village, Çavuşin, Güllüdere Valley, Paşabağ, and Zelve.
With the wish to meet in Cappadocia, where history and culture unite.
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